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Stephen Kotok

St. John’s University

Stephen Kotok is an Associate Professor in Administrative and Instructional Leadership at St. John's University. He has conducted extensive research on school choice in several states. His research has been featured in American Journal of Education, Educational Administration Quarterly, and Teachers College Record.

NEPC Publications

NEPC Review: The Cost-Effectiveness of Wisconsin’s Private School Choice Programs (School Choice Wisconsin, September 2023)

The Cost-Effectiveness of Wisconsin’s Private School Choice Programs

A report comparing the cost and academic performance of voucher recipients in Wisconsin to public school students concludes that the voucher programs are highly “productive,” achieving better academic outcomes at lower costs than public schools. But the report suffers from methodological shortcomings that undermine its conclusions. It ignores recent literature examining the effectiveness of voucher programs in other states, overlooks important considerations regarding true school funding costs, and fails to assess the voucher program against an appropriate comparison group of students. 

Suggested Citation: Kotok, S. (2023). NEPC review: The cost-effectiveness of Wisconsin’s private school choice programs. Boulder, CO: National Education Policy Center. Retrieved [date] from

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